Lebanon’s geography exposes it to seismic hazards that could be accompanied by tsunamis. The country is also prone to a wide range of small-scale hazards such as floods, forest fires, land-slides, and drought. Moreover, the volatile political and security situation exposes Lebanon to man-made disasters such as wars, internal strife and terror attacks.
This exposure to hazards, coupled with the multiple vulnerabilities of the Lebanese population due to a weak infrastructure and a large number of refugees living in precarious conditions significantly increase the risk of disasters.
In 2005, the global endorsement and adoption of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) offered Lebanon the opportunity to plan, implement and coordinate a Disaster Risk Reduction approach. Moreover, by adopting the Sendai Framework for action (2015-2030) Lebanon has committed for the years to come to increase national and societal resilience against disasters.
In this context, and as a result of the strategic partnership between UNDP Lebanon and the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM), a project titled “Strengthening Disaster Risk Management Capacities in Lebanon” was launched aiming to support the Lebanese government in its efforts to reduce exposure and vulnerabilities, in order to reduce the risk of disasters.
To ensure an efficient implementation of this project the Disaster Risk Management Unit was established at the PCM’s headquarter in the Grand Serail of Beirut. The DRM Unit’s mission is to help the Lebanese government in developing its disaster risk reduction strategy based on four elements: Prevention, Preparedness, Response and Recovery.
Phases of the Project