The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA), was a 10 year plan that aimed at making the world safer from natural hazards. It was endorsed by the UN General Assembly in the Resolution A/RES/60/195 following the 2005 World Disaster Reduction Conference. HFA offered countries guidelines that describes and details the work that is required from different sectors and actors to reduce disaster losses.
For more than a decade Lebanon has been planning for greater disaster resilience. In 2005, the global endorsement and adoption of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) offered Lebanon a blueprint to systematically plan, implement and coordinate a Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) approach that includes disaster prevention, mitigation, response, and recovery actions.
The HFA outlined five priorities for action, and offered guiding principles and practical means for achieving disaster resilience. Its goal was to substantially reduce disaster losses by 2015 by building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. This means reducing loss of lives and social, economic, and environmental assets when hazards strike.
The HFA 5 Priorities included:
Priority Action 1: Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation.
Priority Action 2: Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning.
Priority Action 3: Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels.
Priority Action 4: Reduce the underlying risk factors.
Priority Action 5: Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels. The HFA instrument was succeeded by the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 which is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action.